Scientists pinpoint the age of cheese: 7,000 years old and counting

December 15, 2012
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(science recorder.) Scientists have reportedly discovered pottery fragments that suggest cheese-making is a much older process than previously thought. The pottery pieces, which have small holes throughout, are thought to be more than 7,000 years old and may have been used to separate curds from whey, according to a newly published article.
According to the article in the journal Nature, the pottery fragments were discovered along a river in Poland and have been determined to be the oldest piece of evidence of cheese-making ever found. The pieces are expected to help researchers further understand the development of dairy in the ancient world, which had a big impact on human history and culture.
Peter Bogucki, an archaeologist at Princeton University, said the development of dairy, especially cheese, helped the people of Neolithic age get valuable nutrients. Most adults at the time could not eat large amounts of cheese due to lactose intolerance. However, being able to separate the curds from the why solved this problem as most of the lactose remained in the uneaten whey.
“In the course of excavating these sites, we occasionally came across fragments of pottery with small holes in them,” Bogucki recalled. “We realized these were sieves. There weren’t many of them, but still a few at just about every site.
“A couple of years later, I was with my wife visiting a friend in Vermont, and I saw these 19th-century agricultural implements, including ceramics that were perforated much like the ones in Poland,” Bogucki said. “These were used for cheese manufacturing.”
Bogucki has been studying ancient relics in Poland for nearly 35 years of excavations. In addition to discovering the pottery with holes, he and his team also discovered that farmers in the area herded cattle and grew numerous crops. Initially, Bogucki and his team of archeologists did not give much consideration to the pottery pieces they found. However, after learning about ancient cheese making after seeing a 19th century pottery piece with holes in it, Bogucki took a closer look.
“The transformation of milk to a more tolerable product such as cheese for lactose-intolerant people may have helped promote the development of dairying among the first farmers of Europe,” Bogucki said in an interview with LiveScience.
Since then, Bogucki has suggested that the holes in pottery pieces found in Central Europe and Poland were for cheese making. However, there could have been other explanations for the holes, say some scientists. Such pieces of pottery may have been used for transporting hot coals, separating honey from honeycombs, and manufacturing beer.
Oliver Craig, a biomolecular archaeologist at the University of York, said the finding doesn’t answer all of the questions. According to Craig, the DNA mutations leading lactose tolerance in adults spread quickly through Europe around the time the pottery was being used, so why was the strained needed?
“Perhaps the sieves were not as effective at removing lactose as we might think,” he said.
A research team led by University of Bristol professor Richard P. Evershed have studied the pottery fragments and determined that they contain milk and fat residues, lending evidence to the cheese theory. Evershed’s team focused on the chemical analysis of ancient pottery to determine what people were eating at the time and how they processed the food.
Previously Evershed’s lab has found milk fats in pottery pieces from Turkey that are more than 8,000 years old. However, this study did not conclusively mean cheese was being made, it could have been butter, yogurt, or another milk product. The new study in Poland is the first to strongly suggest cheese was being made due to the strainer-like appearance of the pots.
Whatever the state of lactose tolerance of the time, it is now certain that ancient people as far back as 7,000 years ago were able to make and sustain on cheese.


Ugly Female Candidates ‘Repel Voters’, Says Former Polish Prime Minister

September 21, 2011

(Libra Bunda) THE DAILY TELEGRAPH: A former Polish prime minister has angered feminists by saying unattractive women candidates “repel voters”, just weeks before the country’s general election.

During a television interview Leszek Miller, once leader of the left-wing and officially pro-women Democratic Left Alliance, said parties should avoid fielding less-than-beautiful candidates.”If the parties revolve around unattractive women, then this is something anachronistic and will repel voters,” he said as Poles prepare to vote on the October 9 election. The comment riled women, who have often complained that conservative and old-fashioned attitudes in Polish public life hold women back. »Matthew Day, Warsaw

Obviously the Polish like their candidates attractive, I wish the rest of the world could learn from this. ;^)



Polish court extradites Brodsky

August 5, 2010

A Polish appeals court has upheld a lower court’s decision to hand over to Germany an alleged Mossad agent wanted in the slaying of a Hamas leader.
The decision means that the alleged agent, Uri Brodsky, must be handed over to Germany within 10 days.A Polish appeals court has upheld a lower court’s decision to hand over to Germany an alleged Mossad agent wanted in the slaying of a Hamas leader.
The decision means that the alleged agent, Uri Brodsky, must be handed over to Germany within 10 days.
Warsaw’s appeals court on Thursday upheld a July ruling ordering Brodsky extradited to Germany on forgery charges only. That means he can only be tried in Germany for forgery and not spying, which would spare Israel a possibly embarrassing espionage trial.

Brodsky was arrested in Warsaw in June on a European warrant charging him with espionage and helping to falsely obtain a German passport. The passport was allegedly used in connection with the Jan. 19 slaying of Hamas commander Mahmoud al-Mabhouh in Dubai.

The Mabhouh case led to international outrage over forged passports. Israeli diplomats were expelled from Ireland and Australia.
 

‘Brodsky’ must be handed over to Germany within the next ten days. The reason he cannot be charged with the other crimes? They’re not crimes in Poland.

via israelmatzav.blogspot.com

the only charge he is facing is forgery of passports.  that doesn’t even sound reasonable to me.


Nazis think they have a right to put a Jew on trial for defending his family from Hamas

June 14, 2010

The man being held by the Poles — his name, according to the Associated Press, is Uri Brodsky — is wanted in connection with the alleged murder of a leader of the military wing of Hamas, a terrorist organization backed by the same Iranian regime that backed the organization for which Hamadi worked. Why would the Germans want to help prosecute that case? Do the Germans regret the assassination that is alleged to have taken place against the leader of Hamas?

Eastern Europe was the playground for such radical Palestinian terrorists during the cold war and they are not changing. Of course the will not hand over the so called accused over to the West. They like their Jews cooked well done in Poland and Germany.

Posted via web from noahdavidsimon’s posterous

Israeli arrested in Poland, charged with obtaining forged German passport

An Israeli was arrested in Warsaw, Poland over the weekend and charged with obtaining a forged German passport that was allegedly used in the liquidation of Hamas terrorist Mahmoud al-Mabhouh in January. The German government has asked that the Israeli be extradited to Germany, Mabhouh’s family has asked that he be extradited to Dubai (Dubai says it’s not interested), and Israel has asked that he be returned to Israel.

The man, using the name Uri Brodsky, is suspected of working for Mossad in Germany and helping to issue a fake German passport to a member of the Mossad operation that allegedly killed Hamas agent Mahmoud al-Mabhouh in Dubai in January, a spokesman for the German federal prosecutor’s office told The Associated Press.
Brodsky was arrested in early June upon his arrival in Poland because of a European arrest warrant issued by Germany which is now seeking his extradition, the spokesman said, declining to be named in line with department policy.
The spokesman had no estimate of how long it could take for Brodsky to be extradited from Poland to Germany, saying the matter is now in the hands of the Polish authorities. “If Brodsky agrees, the extradition could take a few days, but that isn’t likely,” the spokesman said.
In Warsaw, Monika Lewandowska, a spokeswoman for Polish prosecutors, confirmed that the suspect, identified only as Uri B., was arrested at the city’s international airport on June 4. She told the AP that the arrest warrant was made in connection with the murder of a Hamas member in Dubai.
“The suspect appeared before a Polish court on June 6, and was ordered to remain in temporary arrest for up to 40 days,” she said. Lewandowska had no information on his possible extradition.
In Israel, the Foreign Ministry said without elaborating that it was aware of the man’s fate. “At the moment, we’re looking into that like any other Israeli who has been arrested, and he’s getting consular treatment,” spokesman Andy David said.

The German news weekly Der Spiegel reported that the arrest in Poland already has led to some diplomatic friction. The Israeli Embassy has urged Polish authorities not to extradite Brodsky, the magazine reports in its issue to be published Monday.
Germany’s Foreign Ministry had no comment on the case and referred to an ongoing judicial investigation by the federal prosecutor’s office. The country’s top investigating unit deals with all cases affecting internal or external security, including terrorism or espionage.

Haaretz reports that the word of ‘Brodsky’s arrest was leaked by the German government to prevent Israel and Poland from making a deal for his release.

A German weekly’s report on the arrest of an alleged Israeli Mossad agent in Poland thwarted an emerging deal for his release, Polish sources told Haaretz. As a result, both Israel and Poland suspect the story was leaked to Der Spiegel by German officials.

‘Brodsky’ is apparently connected to the issuance of a German passport in the name of a Bnei Brak rabbi.

Many questions remain unanswered in the affair. It is still not known, for instance, whether Uri Brodsky is the detainee’s real name, or what role he allegedly played in Germany: Was he the Mossad’s permanent representative in Germany, or did he come to Germany especially to secure the false passport, issued in the name of a real Israeli citizen, Michael Bodenheimer – a Bnei Brak rabbi who is entitled to a German passport because his grandparents were German?
A spokesman for Germany’s federal prosecution told reporters that the offenses of which Brodsky is suspected – obtaining a document by fraud and membership in a foreign intelligence agency – carry a maximum sentence of five years.
Brodsky is not suspected of involvement in the actual hit on Mabhouh, and is not on the list of 36 suspects in that case that Dubai has given to Interpol.
Dubai’s police chief, Dhahi Khalfan Tamim, announced in an interview with The National newspaper yesterday that his country has no intention of requesting Brodsky’s extradition to Dubai – even though Mabhouh’s family has asked Dubai to do so.
In contrast, another paper, Gulf News, reported yesterday that Dubai is still considering requesting Brodsky’s extradition. But even if Dubai made such a request, it seems unlikely that either Germany or Poland would comply.

And we may have a Mossad foul-up here as well.

One complication in Israel’s efforts to secure Brodsky’s release is that Germany apparently issued a European arrest warrant for him rather than an Interpol “red alert.”
Nick Kaufman, an attorney who specializes in international law, explained to Haaretz that a red alert merely means a suspect is wanted for questioning, and is considered nonbinding. Therefore, states can exercise some discretion over whether to comply, and the suspect can also fight the extradition in court.
However, Kaufman continued, a European arrest warrant must be honored by other European Union members, and is not even subject to judicial review in the arresting country.
Brodsky himself told the Polish authorities that he is a businessman and completely innocent of the suspicions against him.
If he is a Mossad agent, as claimed in the foreign press, the question must be asked of why the spy agency allowed him to travel to an EU member state, regardless of whether he was on personal or Mossad business?
Did the Mossad not know about the German warrant? Did it not care? Or did it simply have no choice, given its relatively small cadre of experienced agents, but to reuse some of those involved in killing Mabhouh?

Hmmm.

Leave a Comment » | Germany, Hamas, Mahmoud Mabhouh, Mossad, Poland, Uri Brodsky | Permalink
Posted by Noah Simon


Abu Nidal

March 2, 2010

Communist Poland sheltered and armed Palestinian extremists in the 1980s, including the founder of Fatah-Revolutionary Council and terrorist mastermind Abu Nidal.
“They had dirty hands,” General Czeslaw Kiszczak, who served as interior minister in the 1980s, told Poland’s TVN commercial television station late on Monday..

“We closed our eyes to the fact that they would come to Poland to rest and for medical attention after attacks and to train for new ones,” said Kiszczak, who was also the right hand of Poland’s then leader, General Wojciech Jaruzelski.
According to Kiszczak, Poland also sold them arms.
“It was in the Polish interest to sell them the largest possible quantity of arms,”
Kiszczak said in a TVN program focused on finding traces of Abu Nidal’s activities in Poland.
While he was wanted across the globe as the mastermind behind various attacks, Sabri al-Banna, known under the alias Abu Nidal, managed a company in Poland in the 1980s identified as SAS by the TVN report.
Source: AP via docstalk.blogspot.com

Abu Nidal died in Iraq in August 2002.

Part of the secular, left-wing, Palestinian rejectionist front, so called because they reject proposals for a peaceful settlement with Israel, the ANO was formed after a split in 1974 between Abu Nidal and Yasser Arafat‘s Fatah faction within the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO). Setting himself up as a freelance contractor, Abu Nidal is believed to have ordered attacks in 20 countries, killing or injuring over 900 people. The group’s most notorious attacks were on the El Al ticket counters at Rome and Vienna airports in December 1985, when Arab gunmen high on amphetamines opened fire on passengers in simultaneous shootings, killing 18 and wounding 120. Patrick Seale, Abu Nidal’s biographer, wrote of the attacks that their “random cruelty marked them as typical Abu Nidal operations”.
Abu Nidal died of between one and four gunshot wounds in Baghdad in August 2002. Palestinian sources believe he was killed on the orders of Saddam Hussein, but the Iraqi government insisted he had committed suicide. The Guardian wrote on the news of his death: “He was the patriot turned psychopath. He served only himself, only the warped personal drives that pushed him into hideous crime. He was the ultimate mercenary.”

In October 2008, a report from the former Iraqi “Special Intelligence Unit M4” was obtained by Robert Fisk, indicating that the Iraqis had been interrogating Abu Nidal as a suspected spy for Kuwait and Egypt, and indirectly for the U.S.; the documents say he had been asked by the Kuwaitis to find links between Saddam and Al-Qaeda. It was shortly after the first series of interrogations, and just before he was to be moved to a more secure location, that he shot himself, the report says.
According to the Iraqi report, he was buried on August 29, 2002 in al-Karakh’s Islamic cemetery in Baghdad, in a grave marked only “M7”.

Leave a Comment » | Abu Nidal, Arafat, El Al, Jaruzelski, Kiszczak, Kuwait, PLO, Poland, Rome, Sabri al-Banna, Vienna | Permalink
Posted by Noah Simon