Mufti Amin al-Husseini with Pro-Nazi Iraq … coup leader Rashid Ali. …
… The Shaw Commission, appointed by the British Government to investigate … the 1929 riots, attributed to the Mufti a share in responsibility for … these riots, in which 133 Jews were killed and 239 wounded. No action … was taken to curb his activities, with the result that in 1936 he again … was responsible for new attacks upon the Jews of Palestine. At the same … time, he caused the assassination on hundreds of prominent Arabs, … including 24 leading Palestine Arabs who refused to accept his … leadership.
The captured files of the German High Command in Flansburg at … the war’s end reveal that the Arab riots of 1936 in Palestine were … carried out by the Mufti with funds supplied by the Nazis. The report … states: “Only through funds made available by Germany to the Grand … Mufti of Jerusalem was it possible to carry out the revolt in … Palestine.”
Following his excape from Palestine to Syria and later to … Iraq, he and his henchmen were directly responsible for the anti-Jewish … pogrom in which almost four hundred Jewish men, women, and children … were stabbed or brutally clubbed to death in the streets of Bagdad. An … investigating committee appointed by the legitimate Iraq Government, … following its restoration after the revolt in 1941, declared that the … causes of disturbance, “are, in the opinion of the investigating … committee, Nazi propaganda emanating from the following sources: (1) … the German League; (2) the Mufti of Jerusalem and his henchmen who … followed him to Iraq. This man was accorded enthusiastic reception in … Iraq and has turned it to his own use to disseminate many-sided Nazi … propaganda. His influence on government and army circles became so … strong that he could give orders to his group to set to work to spread … anti-Jewish and anti-British propaganda among all classes of the … population.”
In Iraq, the Mufti’s first undertaking was to organize the … Iraqi revolt with Jamal el Husseini, now Vice-Chairman of the Arab … Higher Committee, as his Chief of Staff.
After the failure of the Iraqi revolt, the Mufti escaped to … Teheran and found refuge in the Japanese Embassy. From there he escaped … to Italy. In October of 1941, he conferred with Mussolini, Ciano, and … Dino Alfieri. From Rome he communicated with Balkan Moslems under … Italian rule in Yugoslavia and Albania.
In November 1941, he went to Berlin. The Nazis established a … special office for him in Berlin entitled, “Buro des Grosmufti,” with … branches organized later in other parts of Germany and Italy. His … activities included propaganda, espionage, organization of Moslem … military units in Axis-occupied countries and in North Africa and … Russia, establishment of Arab legions, of an Arab brigade and … organization of fifth-column activities in the Middle East, including … sabotage and parachutist expeditions.
In the course of his propaganda work, the Grand Mufti had at … his disposal not only the German-controlled radio, but radio stations … in Bari, Rome, Tokyo and Athens. In addition, he was responsible for … sending to the Middle East various propaganda publications in Arabic.
His espionage service extended throughout the Middle East. He … had a sub-office in Geneva linking him to Egypt and Turkey, and another … in Istanbul, branching out all along the Syrian-Turkish frontier in … Mersine, Alexandretta, Antioch, Adana and Diarbekr. These stations … received information directly from the Mufti’s agents in Palestine, … Syria, and Iraq, and maintained close contact with members of the … German Intelligence in Turkey.
… In Athens, the Mufti established a parachutist and sabotage school for Arabs.
In The Hague, under his direction, Arab students were trained … in wireless transmission, high explosives and demolitions. The Mufti’s … agents were parachuted into Palestine, Syria and Iraq. A number of them … were caught by the British. On a number of occasions these agents, with … the help of local Arabs, cut telephone and pipe lines in Transjordan … and Palestine and sabotaged railways and bridges in Iraq.
Another of the Mufti’s accomplishments was the organization … of Moslem military units. He attempted to recruit for the German … military command some 500,000 soldiers from Morocco, Tunisia, and … Algeria. In Asiatic Russia, he collaborated with Moslem Russian … Quislings and White Russian traitors whom he helped to form pro-Axis … legions.
In 1942, he started to organize Axis Arab legions from among … Arab students in Germany and Arab prisoners of war who followed him to … Germany. His Legionnaires wore the German uniform with “Free Arabia” … patches on their shoulders.
After the Jewish Brigade had been recognized by Winston … Churchill in 1944, the Mufti, on November 2, with the consent of … Ribbentrop called upon all Arabs in Germany hailing from Palestine, … Iraq, Egypt, and Syria to join the Arab Brigade.
Accepting a proposal of the Japanese that he broadcast to … Moslems in the South Pacific and India, the Mufti recorded numerous … broadcasts which were beamed to India, Indonesia and Java.
The Mufti at Berlin Broadcast
On September 3, 1941, Major General Erwin Lahousen, one of the … top officials of the Abwehr, whose secret diary was among the captured … German documents, wrote: “The Grand Mufti, who left Iraq to go to Iran, … is currently in connection with the Abwehr II (Sabotage division of the … Abwehr). According to reports from Teheran he is safe with the Japanese … envoy.”
A year later, on June 2, 1942, Lahousen wrote in his secret … diary: “The Italian national, Captain Simen, took part in discussions … with the Grand Mufti concerning the utilization of the connections with … the Grand Mufti for the purpose of Abwehr II, in order to demonstrate … the solidarity of the Axis powers.”
A month later, on July 13, 1942, Lahousen made the further … entry in his secret diary: “A meeting between the chief of the Abwehr” … (Admiral Canaris, who was also Hitler’s representative in arranging for … the Franco revolt against the Spanish Republican government) ; “and the … Grand Mufti of Jerusalem took place in the apartment of the chief. I … (Lahousen) took part in the discussion. The Mufti made an offer to the … chief that the followers of the Arabian Freedom Movement, which was led … by him as well as the followers of the former Iraq Prime Minister, … Kailani (leader of the Iraqi revolt against Britain), were to be used … for purposes of sabotage and sedition in the Near East in accordance … with the purposes of Abwehr II.”
It’ s important to note that the Mufti’s weekly fireside chats were broadcast to Tokyo as well. The Mufti had warm relations with Oshima and I will have those documents posted as well. …
… THE MUFTI’S WWII FATWAH … AGAINST BRITAIN …
… In the name of Merciful and Almighty God. I invite all my Moslem brothers throughout the whole world to join in the Holy War for God, for the defense of Islam and her lands against her enemy. O Faithful, obey and respond to my call. O Moslems! Proud Iraq has placed herself in the vanguard of this Holy Struggle, and has thrown herself against the strongest enemy of Islam … The English have overthrown the Ottoman Empire, have destroyed Moslem rule in India, inciting one community against another; they stifled the Egyptian awakening, the dream of Mohammed Ali, colonizing Egypt for half a century. They took advantage of the weakening of the Ottoman Empire to stretch out their hands and use every sort of trick to take possession of many Arab countries as happened to Aden, the 9 Districts, the Hadramut, Oman, Masqat and the Emirates of the Persian Gulf and Transjordan. The vivid proof of the imperialistic designs of the British is to be found in Moslem Palestine which, although promised by England to Sheriff Hussein has had to submit to the outrageous infiltration of Jews, shameful politics designed to divide Arab-Moslem countries of Asia from those of Africa. In Palestine the English have committed unheard of barbarisms; among others, they have profaned the el-Aqsa Mosque and have declared the most unyielding war against Islam, both in deed and in word. The Prime Minister at that time told Parliament that the world would never see peace as long as the Koran existed. What hatred against Islam is stronger than that which publicly declares the Sacred Koran an enemy of human kind? Should such sacrilege go unpunished? … I invite you, O Brothers, to join in the War for God to preserve Islam, your independence and your lands from English aggression. I invite you to bring all your weight to bear in helping Iraq that she may throw off the shame that torments her. O Heroic Iraq, God is with Thee, the Arab Nation and the Moslem World are solidly with Thee in Thy Holy Struggle!